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The CLS is the only individual legally authorized to perform cadastral surveys on a special category of lands called "Canada Lands" which encompasses the following areas:
- any lands belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or of which the Government of Canada has power to dispose that are situated in Yukon, the Northwest Territories, Nunavut or in any National Park of Canada and any lands that are
- surrendered lands or a reserve, as defined in the Indian Act,
- Category IA land or Category IA-N land, as defined in the Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act, chapter 18 of the Statutes of Canada, 1984,
- Sechelt lands, as defined in the Sechelt Indian Band Self-Government Act, chapter 27 of the Statutes of Canada, 1986,
- settlement land, as defined in the Yukon First Nations Self-Government Act, and lands in which an interest is transferred or recognized under section 21 of that Act,
- lands in the Kanesatake Mohawk interim land base, as defined in the Kanesatake Interim Land Base Governance Act, other than the lands known as Doncaster Reserve No. 17, or
- Tlicho lands, as defined in section 2 of the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act; and
- any lands under water belonging to Her Majesty in right of Canada or in respect of any rights in which the Government of Canada has power to dispose.
Private lands in the three northern territories also have to be surveyed by CLSs. Click here for a map of the ACLS jurisdiction.